Grown for its neat habit, yellow flowers, and red fruit, this shrub spreads prolifically by seed and is considered invasive in some areas, including the Northeast. Alternatives include bayberry ( Myrica pensylvanica ) and winterberry ( Ilex verticillata ). The many cultivars include 'Atropurpurea Nana' (red-purple foliage); 'Aurea' (bright yellow young foliage); 'Pink Queen' (variegated); and 'Silver Beauty' (leaves mottled creamy white).

Noteworthy Characteristics: Invasive. Attractive foliage.

Care: Adaptable to most any soil in full sun to part shade.

Propagation: Spreads prolifically by seed.

Problems: Scale insects, mites, Japanese weevils. Canker, dieback, fungal leaf spots, powdery mildew, root rot, Verticillium wilt, rust diseases.


Height 3 ft. to 6 ft.

Spread 3 ft. to 6 ft.

Growth Pace

Invasive/Aggressive Grower, 

Moderate Grower

Light Full Sun to Part Shade

Moisture Medium Moisture

Maintenance Moderate

Characteristics Showy Foliage

Bloom Time Spring

Flower Color Yellow

Foliage Color Colorful/Burgundy Foliage

Uses Hedge

Style Beds and Borders

Seasonal Interest Spring Interest

Type Shrubs